Archive for the ‘TINGKATAN 4’ Category

ANTHOLOGY : A POISON TREE – POEM 1 : THE LIVING PHOTOGRAPH (by Jackie Kay)

POEM 1 : THE LIVING PHOTOGRAPH (by Jackie Kay)

My small grandmother is tall there,

straight-back, white broderie anglaise shirt,

pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun,

a kind, old smile round her eyes.

Her big hand holds mine,

white hand in black hand.

Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in the eye.

It was true  after all; that look.

My tall grandmother became small.

Her back round and hunched.

Her soup forgot to boil.

She went to the awful place grandmothers go.

Somewhere unknown, unthinkable.

But there she is still,

in the photo with me at three,

the crinkled smile is still living, breathing.

Stanza 1

Line Meaning
1  My small grandmother is tall there, The persona’s grandmother looks tall in the photograph.
2  straight-back, white broderie anglaise shirt , She is standing with good posture, wearing an embroidered lace blouse.
3  pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun, She wears the blouse with a pleated skirt, non-heeled shoes and her hair in a bun.
4  a kind, old smile round her eyes. She is smiling kindly.
5  Her big hand holds mine, Her big hand is holding the persona’s hand.
6  white hand in black hand. The contrast of their skin colours can clearly be seen in their linked hands.
7  Her sharp blue eyes look her death in the eye. Her grandmother’s blue eyes suggests that her death is near.

Stanza 2

Line Meaning
8  It was true after all; that look. The persona’s reference of death came true.
9  My tall grandmother became small. The grandmother became thinner and more fragile.
10  Her back round and hunched. Her back became hunched.
11  Her soup forgot to boil. She became forgetful.
12  She went to the awful place grandmothers go. Soon, she passed away.
13  Somewhere unknown, unthinkable. Upon her death, she went to a place that no one knows.

Stanza 3

Line Meaning
14  But there she is still, However, in the photograph, her grandmother will always be alive.
15  in the photo with me at three, The persona was there years old in the photograph with her grandmother.
16  the crinkled smile is still living, breathing. Her grandmother’s smile is still so alive and real.

Moral Value

1  We must treasure our loved ones when they are alive.

  • We must spend as much time as we can with our loved ones while they are still living
  • When they pass away, all that will be left are the memories, as is illustrated in the poem.

  2  It is difficult to lose a family member.

  • It is always difficult to deal with the death of a loved one.
  • The persona loses her grandmother when she was younger but she will always remember her.

3  We must never forget the importance of family relationship.

  • We should not forget to love and care for our family, especially our grandparents who are the pillars of a family.
  • When they are old and sick, we must continue to take care of them.

Summary of Stanza 1

The persona is looking at an old photograph of her grandmother and herself. She describes the photograph – her grandmother is standing tall and straight, dressed in a white embroidered lace blouse with a pleated skirt, and flat shoes. Her grey hair is pulled neatly into a bun. She is smiling kindly while holding the persona’s hand in hers, giving her the security and comfort. As the persona describes their linked hands – white hand in black hand – it is clear that they come from a mixed race family. The last line seems to suggest that the persona knows that her grandmother’s death will come soon.

Summary of Stanza 2

While the first describes the photograph, in the second stanza, the persona is remembering her grandmother later, when she is older and has become ill. The persona recalls how her grandmother soon grows thinner and more fragile. Her back is hunched and she becomes forgetful as is illustrated in the line, Her soup forgot to boil. Eventually, she passes away and upon her death, she goes to an unimaginable place.

Summary of Stanza 3

However, in the photograph, the persona’s grandmother will forever be alive. She is still there, holding the hand of her three-year-old granddaughter, with her smile looking so alive and real.

Themes

 1    The everlasting quality of a photograph                                                               

  • A photograph immortalizes a person or a moment. What  is captured in a photograph will remain alive forever.
  •  In the poem, the persona’s grandmother  has already  passed away. However, in the photograph, she will always be healthy and alive.
  •  A photograph also allows us grandmother passes away to reflect on what happened  in the past and relive our memories.

 2    Death

  • Death is a definite  outcome for all of us.
  • In the poem, the persona recalls how her grandmother was once strong and healthy but soon grows older and  becomes ill.
  • In the end, the grandmother passes away and the persona is only able to relive her memories with her grandmother through a photograph.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAPTAIN NOBODY – SYNOPSIS BY CHAPTER

Captain Nobody

CHAPTER 1 : NOBODY EATS BREAKFAST

  1. It is the last Friday in October, everybody in Appleton is excited for the derby of an American football game between the Ferocious Ferrets of Fillmore High School and the Chargers of Merrimac High School – also known as the Big Game.
  2. Newton Newman (Newt) has a big brother, Chris Newman (Chris),who is a local football star, who plays for the Ferocious Ferrets after an electrifying debut two years back.
  3. Newt is preparing breakfast for his family when he comes across an article of his brother in the Sports section of the local newspaper.
  4. At first, Newt is eager to show the article to Dad but he is held down when the phone rings.
  5. On the other hand, Mom is also busy receiving a call from their neighbour.
  6. Newt gets frustrated as both of his parents have not touched their breakfast.
  7. To make himself feel useful, Newt goes upstairs to woke his brother up.
  8. Annoyed with Newt’s bellow, Chris throws a pillow at him but ends up hitting the floor hard.

CHAPTER 2 : HALLOWEEN PLANS ARE MADE – SORT OF

  1. Appleton Elementary is packed with different kinds of kids and actions.
  2. At times, he tries to be friendly and greets his classmates but often, they just stare back fiercely and ignore him.
  3. Before the classes start, Newt finds a quiet place for him to settle down.
  4. He takes out one of his Secret Superhero Sketchbooks and starts playing with his imagination.
  5. Newt has never shown his sketching of the superhero characters to anyone else except to his two best friends, Cecil and JJ, who have utmost admiration towards Newt’s creativity.
  6. Cecil alerts them of the coming Halloween and suggests that they celebrate it as usual.
  7. Talking about celebrating Halloween, the three of them are bored with their own costumes as they have been wearing the same outfits for years.
  8. Eventually, Cecil suggests that each of them needs to come out with an outstanding Halloween costume based on their ‘inner other’ that will catch everybody’s attention.

CHAPTER 3 : I SEARCH FOR SOMEBODY I AM NOT

  1. During social studies class, Newt is still searching for an idea for his Halloween costume.
  2. He imagines himself as Zeus, the god of lightning according to the Greek myth, but soon realises that he does not fit in the descriptions shown by his subject teacher.
  3. Not giving up, he raises his hand asking Mrs. Young what the American pioneers wore when they built the country.
  4. Although Newt is ridiculed by his classmate, the answer given by his teacher is more than enough for him to rule out the possibility of having such costume for Halloween.
  5. The school ends early so the students and locals can watch the Big Game Pep Parade on the street.
  6. Newton is ecstatic to attend his brother’s last game of the season.

7. On the other hand, Cecil and JJ are more incline to their Halloween costumes.

  1. That has put Newt back in dilemma as he is having hard time thinking about his own Halloween costume.
  2. Newt falls asleep while figuring out the design of his costume only to wake up after he has a terrible dream.
  3. It is time for the Big Game as his parents are getting ready for it and with heavy heart, Newt has to put aside his coming Halloween celebration and shift his focus on the final game.

CHAPTER 4 : FOOTBALL IS PLAYED AND MISTAKES ARE MADE

  1. Newt stops thinking about Halloween when he recalls the moment Chris mentions Reggie Ratner, an opponent from Merrimac High, who has always been holding grudges against his brother.
  2. To make it worst, during the Big Game, the crowd play sentiment on both Chris and Reggie.
  3. Newt, who is now away from his bleacher, is shown his way out after he fails to present his seat ticket to the person in charge.
  4. When the final quarter starts, both teams are level and unfortunately, Newt is forced to watch the game from outside the wire fence surrounding Fillmore Field.
  5. He can see that the Home team, especially his brother, is playing their hearts out until the game reaches its last 45 seconds – the Away team is leading by two points.
  6. Without giving up, the Big Game is getting more intense during the last seven seconds.
  7. The Ferrets show high determination and Chris manages to get a last minute touchdown.
  8. There are mixed feelings on the ground as the opponents bow down to their defeat and the home crowd is jubilant with the winning streak.

CHAPTER 5 : THE BAD DREAMS BEGIN

  1. Chris is unconscious as the result of the winning touchdown.
  2. The whole ground is in complete silence when Chris is being attended and brought to the hospital.
  3. Chris’ test results come out and fortunately he is not suffering from any broken parts, he is just in coma.
  4. Back in his room, Newt still cannot forget what happened during the winning touchdown as he describes it as the thunderous crash.
  5. He tries to revert his concentration to Halloween as the Big Game incident keeps rewinding in his mind.
  6. The next day, Newt answers various callers trying to get some news about Chris.
  7. Cecil and JJ drop by at Newt’s house to give a few things to cheer him up.
  8. The local community is talking about the touchdown incident and starts calling it the Big Tackle.
  9. Cecil also tells Newt that some of the Ferrets get some revenge on Reggie, the Chargers’ defensive back who is accused of causing Chris to get into his coma.
  10. As the Newt recalls the Big Tackle, JJ tries to divert his attention by asking about their Halloween plan.
  11. Speechless, Newt tries to avoid Halloween by saying that he has lots of chores to settle.
  12. Both Cecil and JJ are not convinced and they decide to meet the next day at 6.00 p.m for Halloween.

CHAPTER 6 : I GET A TERRIBLE IDEA

  1. Newt is frantically searching for idea as he is running out of time to come out with his Halloween costume and falls asleep soon after.
  2. By noon, Newt is still clueless about his costume and he decides not to celebrate Halloween.
  3. He then falls asleep when sketching his latest fantasy superhero character.
  4. Mom is already home when Newt wakes up.
  5. After peeping at Mom holding his brother’s sweatshirt, Newt asks if there is anything he can do to cheer her up.
  6. But Newt is told that he could do nothing for the moment.
  7. Taken aback by Mom’s words, he decides to prove that he is useful in such stressful situation.
  8. Just before he can cheer Mom up by wearing his brother’s football jersey, she has already left home for the hospital.
  9. In the meantime, Cecil and JJ arrive at Newt’s doorstep.
  10. Newt clumsily opens the door only to find that he is in awe of his two friends.
  11. Cecil disguises himself as the famous musician, Mozart whereas JJ is dressed up as Splendida, a fictional character from her favourite book.
  12. Lastly, the big and important question pops out, ‘What is Newton Newman going to be for Halloween?’

CHAPTER 7 : I HIDE – AND FIND MYSELF

  1. Newt is out of words when is asked to explain about his outfit as he is wearing his brother’s pieces of clothing.
  2. JJ asks Newt if there is something wrong with his brother.
  3. Newt replies that his brother is doing fine.
  4. He does not want to let his best friends down so he insists that both of them should continue celebrating Halloween without him.
  5. Newt finally confesses that he does not have a costume for himself and he immediately explains everything that he did in search for a suitable costume before Cecil and JJ can respond to the confession.
  6. After a long silence, Cecil and JJ decide to transform Newt’s outfit on the spot.
  7. Both of them alter the pieces of clothing that Newt is wearing and eventually they manage to produce an outstanding costume.
  8. They reach the ultimate transformation when JJ cuts two small holes on the sweatband that Newt is wearing o his forehead and change it into a mask.
  9. Newt himself feels rejuvenated after looking at himself in the mirror.
  10. The three of them feel ecstatic as they finally manage to celebrate the Halloween together.

CHAPTER 8 : I RAISE MY VOICE

  1. When they arrive at the first stop, the lady and her husband living in the house are rejoiced when they look at Cecil, JJ and Newt.
  2. The lady has perfectly guessed Cecil’s and JJ’s Halloween costumes.
  3. Then, the couple turns their attention to Newt, who is still searching for an identity of his own as he has not named his alter ego yet.
  4. The lady’s husband notices C.N. on the middle of Newt’s forehead and he directly asks them about those initials.
  5. Surprised by the question, Newton is tongue-tied at first while both Cecil and JJ are quick enough to throw some hints when they see Newton first reaction after being asked by the man.
  6. Eventually, Newt manages to overcome his own fear and he reveals himself as Captain Nobody, C.N.

CHAPTER 9 : I PRACTISE MY NEW NAME

  1. After they leave the first house, Cecil and JJ really like the idea of ‘Captain Nobody’
  2. JJ gets a bit emotional as she can see that Newt seems to forget about his brother’s critical condition after being enthusiastic of becoming Captain Nobody.
  3. This time around, it is Newt who breaks the awkward moment and urges his two best friends to focus on celebrating Halloween.
  4. On that night, people show great interest into the three of them.
  5. The attention that they get has been joyful especially for Newton.
  6. 6.He feels more confident being Captain Nobody than being Newton Newman.
  7. Cecil and JJ are also aware of Newt’s change of attitude when they are counting their trick-or-treat collection under the street lights.
  8. When Newt arrives at his house, his mother has already hit the sack.
  9. He is a little bit disappointed because he wants to show his Halloween costume to her.
  10. Just before he falls asleep, Newt reassures himself by saying that he is not supposed to be anybody, he is Captain Nobody.

CHAPTER 10 : I MAKE A WILD WARDROBE CHOICE

  1. Newt, who has always been positive about his brother, cannot stop ruling out the worst outcome of his brother’s condition and he feels uneasy about it.
  2. Then, he quickly realises that he needs to get ready for school.
  3. He tries to look for his school outfit and after he fails to find an appropriate one, he goes to school with the Captain Nobody’s costume.
  4. There are mixed reactions from his classmates; some make fun of him wearing the outfit but Cecil and JJ show support for his wild wardrobe choice.
  5. Mrs. Young successfully manages the situation in the class from going haywire as all eyes are set on Captain Nobody and a few kids start mocking him.
  6. In the Principal’s office, a discussion is going on between Principal Toomey and Mrs. Young while Captain Nobody waits outside.
  7. On a serious note, Mrs. Young jumps into a conclusion that Newt is having a hard time coping with his brother’s latest condition and she reports that Newt insists of being called Captain Nobody.
  8. After that, a more heated discussion is going on after the school counsellor and nurse join in and later on, the principal tells Newt that Captain Nobody is welcomed in the school.
  9. During lunch break, Cecil and JJ insist of becoming Captain Nobody’s sidekicks and tell Newt to continue becoming Captain Nobody because people start to notice them ever since.

CHAPTER 11 : CAPTAIN NOBODY FACES A FEAR

  1. Newt runs home after he realises that his parents still do not know about Captain Nobody and he does not want to get weird reaction from them.
  2. As he is running, Cecil summons for Captain Nobody and thinking he is joking, Newt just ignores it.
  3. Although feeling reluctant, Newt decides to respond to the call and meet Cecil at the corner of Wareen and Kander streets.
  4. Cecil leads their way, together with a wagon, passing by Dumpsters and garbage cans until they stop at one point.
  5. There is a big bass drum which has been thrown away, sitting on the of the Dumpster that catches Cecil’s attention.
  6. Feeling determined to own the drum, Cecil is feeling hopeful that Captain Nobody will lend his hands to get it down from the top of he Dumpster.
  7. Newt is afraid of heights. So, he suggests Cecil to be the one who should climb the Dumpster.
  8. After Cecil makes it clear that the job is meant for the fearless Captain Nobody, Newt changes his mind.
  9. Captain Nobody climbs on and carefully passes the drum to his sidekick, Cecil who is waiting with open arms on the ground.
  10. As Captain Nobody is about to settle down, he screams his lungs out when a hand suddenly comes out from the pile of cardboard boxes and grabs him by his ankle.

CHAPTER 12 : CAPTAIN NOBODY FIRST COMES TO THE RESCUE

  1. Surprised by the incident, Cecil shouts at the old man who is holding Captain Nobody’s ankle and the old man quickly releases his hand off.
  2. Captain Nobody recognises the familiar face of the old man, Mr. Clay, who used to be a locksmith, because his mother has used some of his services when she was in trouble.
  3. Cecil is still skeptical about Mr. Clay and tries to warn Captain Nobody that the old man might be dangerous to them.
  4. Captain Nobody claims that the old man is not harmful to them, it is just that he is suffering from a diseases, Alzheimer.
  5. Mr. Clay drops his plastic medicine bottle into Captain Nobody’s hand which immediately explains the old man’s situation.
  6. After introducing himself as Captain Nobody, he and Cecil walk Mr. Clay home.
  7. Captain Nobody knows where the old man lives as he always parks his cherry red van in front of his house.
  8. Mrs. Clay is relieved when she sees her husband standing at the front door of their house.
  9. Mr. Clay explains that he is rescued by Captain Nobody.

CHAPTER 13 : DAD MEETS CAPTAIN NOBODY

  1. Newt heads home and gets excited when he sees his father’s car in the driveway.
  2. In the kitchen, Dad meets Captain Nobody for the first time.
  3. A moment after that, Dad starts to apologise to Newt because he has received several calls from the school.
  4. After the meeting in the Principal’s office, the people from school think that Captain Nobody appears in school because he is so upset about his brother’s condition.
  5. Newt tries his very best to reason with Dad about being Captain Nobody outside the house.
  6. Dad feels relieved after Newt manages to assure him that he is still being himself and his alter ago is just some sort of confidence booster.
  7. Dad even takes a photo of Captain Nobody and sends it to Mom.
  8. Suddenly, the walkie-talkie squeals in the middle of their conversation.
  9. Cecil makes contact just to ask a silly favour from Captain Nobody and Newt, who is in disbelief, starts to make a weird sound through the walkie-talkie as if the device is running out of battery.
  10. As Newt is about to sleep, Dad tells him that Mom is having a good laugh about Captain Nobody and she starts showing the image to everybody in the hospital.
  11. Dad explains about the current situation and hospital procedures that they need to follow and he assures Newt will be the first one to visit if the situation improves.

CHAPTER 14 : CERTAIN THREATS ARE MADE

  1. The next morning, nobody is making fun at Newt disguising as Captain Nobody and even Mrs. Young addresses him accordingly.
  2. Later on, after Cecil explains to JJ how to operate her walkie-talkie, the three of them decide to test their new mode of alternative communication.
  3. As Newt is about to respond on the walkie-talkie, a football hit at the back of his head.
  4. It comes from the students in the seventh grade and one particular kid named Ricky Ratner approaches Newt in a non-friendly manner.
  5. Ricky, who happens to be Reggie’s cousin, wants Newt to make everyone know that Reggie is not the culprit of the Big Tackle that leads to Chris’s critical condition.
  6. Things are about to get uglier during the heated conversation between Ricky and Newt when suddenly all of the fourth graders stand up for Newt, Cecil and JJ.
  7. Before the crowd disperses, the confrontation ends with a threat from Ricky for Newt.
  8. Cecil makes a point that the vibes coming from Captain Nobody make everyone in the fourth grade becomes more courageous.
  9. After what had happened, Newt has to carefully sneak out from the school.
  1. He is shocked the moment JJ calls for Captain Nobody’s help through the walkie-talkie.
  2. Captain Nobody dashes to the Sullivan’s Jewelry Store after their conversation ends with JJ screaming at the other end of the line.

CHAPTER 15 : BAD SPELLING LEADS TO SOMETHING WORSE

  1. Captain Nobody is almost out of breath when he arrives at the curb in front of Sullivan’s Jewelry store.
  2. JJ cannot get herself over with the spelling and grammar mistakes found on the cardboard signs in the jewelry store.
  3. She has tried talking to the Sullivan but she is ignored by the couple.
  4. JJ insists that Captain Nobody can make a difference if he goes in and talk to the owners.
  5. Feeling obliged to the duty of a superhero, Captain Nobody steps into the store where he can clearly see Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan at the far end with their only customer.
  6. Afraid that he is interrupting their business, Captain Nobody wants to leave the store but the couple insists that they will be hearing anything from him.
  7. Captain Nobody cannot believe his eyes as he stares at the customer’s sweatshirt because he is holding a gun inside of the pocket.
  8. The situation becomes more chaotic when Mr. Sullivan manages to sound the alarm in the store.
  9. Before the robber flees the scene, he threatens Captain Nobody not to report the incident to the authority or something bad will happen to him.
  10. After being warned, Captain Nobody immediately walks out the store and wants to leave the scene.
  11. JJ tries to convince Captain Nobody to talk to the police about the robbery.
  12. Both of them run away when Captain Nobody explains about the threat he has received from the robber.

CHAPTER 16 : I DON’T APPEAR ON THE FIVE O’CLOCK NEWS

  1. Newt reaches home late after the robbery.
  2. Although terrified with the incident, he is able to sense something is not going well after hearing Mom’s response.
  3. The conversation is halted when the phone rings for Mom.
  4. Newt helps himself in the kitchen and watches the television.
  5. To his surprise, the news is reporting on the robbery in the Sullivan’s Jewelry Store.
  6. He is quite annoyed with the news report as Captain Nobody is referred as ‘the little guy’, ‘a midget’ and even as ‘a leprechaun’.
  7. JJ phones Newt to talk about the news report and he reminds JJ not to spread a word about the incident.
  8. That night, Newt to talk about the news report and he reminds JJ not to spread a word about the incident.
  9. That night, Newt is having dinner with Mom and both of them seem to have secrets that they do not wish to reveal to one another.
  10. Before he goes to bed, he reflects all the bad and good incidents that Captain Nobody has gone through.
  11. He dreams about his brother again, but this time Chris addresses him as ‘Captain’ and Newt feels proud to be acknowledged by his brother.
  12. The next morning, he comes to a huge relief after hearing the first news because the robber has been arrested.
  13. The second news, however, is not that promising. He finds a crumpled paper in the trash bin.
  14. He is now aware that Chris will be in more serious trouble if he does not wake up after 6 days.
  15. He realises that his parents are heavily distracted because of the bad news and he is determined to make the situation becomes better.

CHAPTER 17 : I CHEAT DEATH

  1. Darryl and Colby are on a special tour to show supports to Chris Newman after the Big Tackle incident by bringing along the team ambassador, Ferocious the Ferret.
  2. A lucky student will get the chance to bring Ferocious home for one day.
  3. Newt gets to babysit the animal and he is unhappy about it since he has a plan to visit his brother after school.
  4. As the three of them are walking home, Ricky Ratner and six of his friends are blocking their way.
  5. Unlike before, this time around, Ricky is angrier as his cousin, Reggie, is still being hassled by Chris’s friends.
  6. Ricky notices the ferret and he signals his friends to scramble the animal’s cage.
  7. Suddenly, the cage door opens and Ferocious jumps out and gets away.
  8. Captain Nobody, Cecil and JJ chase the animal off until they reach the highway.
  9. Captain Nobody needs to come at the rescue for once again and this time, he dodges the incoming traffic light just to get Ferocious back.
  10. Being overwhelmed by the dangerous situation, Captain Nobody waves frantically, hoping for the vehicles to stop.
  11. As soon as the traffic stops, just about in the nick of time, a small aeroplane carrying passengers makes an emergency landing on the highway!
  12. Everybody who is at the scene cannot believe their own eyes and when the word seems to stop for a moment, Ferocious sits on Captain Nobody’s ankle and he scoops the ferret up safely.

CHAPTER 18 : I LEARN AN UNCOMFORTABLE TRUTH

  1. After Ferocious the Ferret has been caught, they leave the place as they need to gather their things that they have left by the roadside.
  2. At Newt’s house, the news about the aeroplane landing has become a sensation.
  3. Every person who is interviewed in the news gives their thoughts about the incident, also mentioning what Captain Nobody has done in stopping the busy traffic.
  4. The reporter concludes that it is undecided either Captain Nobody is good or evil.
  5. Cecil and JJ insist that they should go back to the highway and explain about the whole situation.
  6. Captain Nobody, on the other hand, feels that he should revert himself by becoming Newton Newman after what he has been through.
  7. By the time Cecil and JJ leave the house, it is already too late for Newt to visit his brother.
  8. Around dinner time, Dad calls to inform that he is going to stay over at the hospital with Mom.
  9. Newt also informs that his days as Captain Nobody are already over.
  10. That night, he dreams about the highway incident which then suddenly the Big Tackle incident starts to rewind.
  11. At the end of the dream, Newt learns that it is Darryl Peeps who had clashed his helmet against his brother’s.

CHAPTER 19 : REGGIE RATNER DECIDES TO END IT ALL

  1. The next morning starts off with Newt having breakfast with Mom.
  2. Newt mentions that he knows about Chris only has 6 days to wake up and he suprises Mom by announcing that he is going to visit Chris later on that day.
  3. Although he pledges that he will not be wearing the costume again, he stuffs the outfit into his backpack and heads for school.
  4. He realises that he feels so lonely and ignored after returning to school as Newton Newman.
  5. When Newt is heading for his lunch break, he notices a lot of teachers rushing into the faculty lounge and gather around the television.
  6. There is news on the television reporting about Reggie Ratner wants to jump off the Appleton water tower after feeling depressed since the Big Tackle incident.
  7. Newt is in dilemma as he claims that he is the only one who knows the truth about the Big Tackle incident.

CHAPTER 20 : I CLIMB UP TO THE SKY

  1. As JJ trying to lift Captain Nobody to get a good trip on the second rung of the ladder, a policeman approaches them.
  2. Cecil feels dutiful as Captain Nobody’s sidekick and he tries to shift the officer’s attention and it works.
  3. Although the water tower supportive structures, including the ladder, are not as strong as it used to be, Captain Nobody manages to slither his way to reach Reggie Ratner despites the other challenges that he had to face.
  4. On top of the tower, they both talk to each other about the Big Game and the series of event that has been happening after the incident.
  5. Captain Nobody learns that Reggie climbs the tower to vandalise the water tank.
  6. The truth is actually Reggie’s left foot is stuck and he needs Captain Nobody to untie his shoelace of which Captain Nobody manages to help Reggie and it is broadcasted through the news channels in the country.
  7. Then, when they reach at a critical point, Reggie becomes unconvinced since Captain Nobody needs to climb the ladder down first.
  8. As Captain Nobody is counting every step down, he is surprised to see Reggie is also getting his hands on the ladder.
  9. Trying to find his balance with his feet dangling on the air, Captain Nobody loses his grip and falls down.

CHAPTER 21 : I FINISH FALLING

  1. Captain Nobody feels time is passing by rapidly and everything seems to fall into pieces at the same time.
  2. Fortunately, a huge, inflated rubber mattress catches him from hitting the hard ground.
  3. Captain Nobody is about to celebrate his safe touch on the ground when he suddenly sees a massive figure falling to his landing spot.
  4. Captain Nobody swoons himself as the result of the impact by the huge Reggie Ratner.

CHAPTER 22 : I FINALLY GET TO THE HOSPITAL

  1. Newt does not realise that he is in the hospital until Mom explains that he suffers from a broken ankle and ribs.
  2. From his bed, he sees Cecil on the television responding to the media on behalf of Captain Nobody.
  3. Mom and Dad begins to tell what had really happened after Captain Nobody passes out and they cannot stop worrying about him since the live broadcast appears on the television.
  4. Suddenly, Reggie shows up and visits Newt with a lot of reporters waiting eagerly behind the sliding door of the recovery room.
  5. Watching at his parents feeling a bit bitter towards Reggie, Newt begins to reveal that it was actually Darryl Peeps who knocks Chris out during the Big Tackle.
  6. From the recovery room, Newt is transferred into the same room where his brother has been lying motionlessly.
  7. Although finally he has the chance to meet his brother in the hospital, he feels useless as he cannot help his brother to wake up. He wishes to tell his brother about Captain Nobody.
  8. While he is thinking to himself and rewinding the memory that he has in the morning of the Big Game, Newt lets out a scream, ‘HIT THE SHOWERS!’ without realising it.
  9. The nurses rush in and as he is about to explain to them, Chris throws a pillow at his head, just like what he will do at home.
  10. Chris is finally awake!

CHAPTER 23 : I WAKE UP IN THE NEWS

  1. It seems the happiest celebration in the hospital the moment Chris wakes up from his coma.
  2. Newt, too, is getting the attention that he has never experienced before.
  3. He wants to be the first to talk to Chris but the shot given by the nurse earlier makes him fall into his sleep.
  4. Newt wakes up in the next morning and finds himself at his own house .
  5. Cecil and JJ are also in the house and they start talking about the media coverage that they get after the water tower incident.
  6. On the other hand, Chris is nowhere to be seen in the house as he is attending a local television morning show.
  7. The hostess and Chris talk excitedly about what had happened and at the end of the show, Chris shocks everyone who is watching.
  8. Chris insists that the victory parade should be led by the real hero, Captain Nobody, instead of the winner of the Big Game.
  9. That night, although Newt cannot get rid of the pain, he refuses to take the painkiller because he wants to wait for Chris instead of falling asleep.
  10. When Chris arrives home, they set their eyes for good since the Big Game incident and miraculously, Newt can feel the pain fading away.

CHAPTER 24 : A LITTLE OLD LADY MAKES ME LAUGH

  1. The parade is one of the memorable moments for Appleton because for the first time, the Fillmore High School band is joined by Merrimac’s marching band.
  2. Darryl Peeps is not blamed for the Big Tackle and even Reggie gets backs his peaceful life.
  3. To reward their special contributions to the society, Newt, Cecil and JJ receive a token of appreciation from the Sullivan couple, the pilot and passengers of the small aeroplane and MR. Clay the locksmith respectively.
  1. When they reach home, the normal routines get back on track, with Mom asking Newt where she has misplaced most of her belongings and Dad gets himself busy with his phone and beeper.
  2. But, it is not the same story for Newton Newman since all the exposure that he has after becoming Captain Nobody.
  3. Newt is now as popular as his brother, Chris, and event at one point, Chris tells Newt about a weird incident during the parade.
  4. A little old lady from outside town claims that she did know that Newton Newman has an older brother and that has made Newt laugh heartily.
  5. The ending comes to a point when Chris jokingly says that there is a monster under Newt’s bed just before he switches off the light.

Teruskan membaca

Puisi Tradisional Tingkatan 4 – Pantun Empat Kerat (Budi)

SEJARAH Tingkatan 4 – Bab 1 Tamadun Awal Manusia (Latihan Soalan Subjektif 1)

Jawab semua soalan.

1. Rajah berikut merujuk kepada empat tahap utama dalam Zaman Prasejarah.

a)      Berikan tiga petempatan manusia Zaman Paleolitik dan Zaman Mesolitik.(3m)

  1. Tepi sungai
  2. Tepi tasik
  3. Di dalam gua

 b)      Bagaimanakah masyarakat pada Zaman Neolitik menyara hidup mereka?(2m)

  1. Bercucuk tanam
  2. Menternak binatang

c)      Apakah ciri-ciri baharu yang diperlihatkan dalam kehidupan masyarakat Zaman Neolitik?(2m)

  1. Penciptaan alatan batu
  2. Penciptaan alat tembikar

d)     Berikan bukti iringan bekal kubur dalam upacara mengebumikan mayat pada Zaman Neolitik?(2m)

  1. Makanan
  2. Alatan besi

 e)      Pada pendapat anda, apakah kegunaan cengkerang cowrie?(1m)

Sebagai nilai tukaran barang.

2. Sumbangan besar tamadun Mesopotamia adalah Kod Undang-undang yang diamalkannya.

a)      Namakan kod undang-undang dalam Tamadun Mesopotamia.(1m)

Kod Undang-undang tamadun Mesopotamia ialah Kod Undang-undang Hammurabi.

 b)      Dimanakah kod undang-undang tersebut dipamerkan?(2m)

Kod tersebut dipahatkan pada tembok.

c)      Sebutkan nama raja yang menggubal undang-undang tersebut.(1m)

Nama raja yang menggubal undang- tersebut ialah Raja Hammurabi.

d)     Apakah teras hukuman dalam kod undang-undang tersebut?(2m)

  1. Teras hukuman dalam undang-undang tersebut ialah hukuman setimpal dengan kesalahan.
  2. Setiap hukuman mestilah mengikut susun lapis masyarakat.

e)      Berdasarkan pengetahuan sejarah anda,apakah sumbangan kod undang-undang tersebut kepada masyarakat Tamadun Mesopotamia?(4m)

  1. Mewujudkan perpaduan dalam masyarakat
  2. Mengukuhkan organisasi dalam masyarakat
  3. Membantu peradaban Mesopotamia bertahan untuk jangka masa panjang
  4. Mengelakkan permasalahan dalam masyarakat pelbagai kaum

3. Tamadun Indus banyak memberi sumbangan kepada ketamadunan manusia.

a)      Sebutkan dua Bandar utama dalam tamadun Indus.(2m)

  1. Bandar Mohenjo-Daro
  2. Bandar Harappa

b)      Bandar dalam tamadun Indus terbahagi kepada dua bahagian, iaitu bahagian utama dan bahagian kedua. Apakah fungsi kedua-dua bahagian tersebut?(2m)

  1. Bahagian utama ialah pusat pentadbiran dan agama
  2. Bahagian kedua ialah kawasan perumahan

c)      Nyatakan dua ciri bandar terancang dalam tamadun Indus.(2m)

  1. Kota dibahagi kepada petak-petak perumahan bersegi empat.
  2. Terdapat sistem pembentungan yang terancang

 d)     Nyatakan dua peranan golongan buruh dalam masysarakat Indus.(2m)

  1. Buruh menjaga kebersihan Bandar
  2. Buruh membina tembok, benteng dan terusan.

e)      Berikan nama dua dewa yang dilambangkan oleh tanduk Proto-Siva.(2m)

  1. Dewa Brahma
  2. Dewa vishnu

4. Proses pembentukan tamadun manusia merupakan manifestasi kepada pencapaian pemikiran manusia dan kekuatan kerohanian mereka.

a)      Berikan ciri-ciri utama tamadun manusia.(3m)

  1. Ciri tamadun manusia ialh petempatan yang kekal
  2. Kehidupan masyarakat berorganisasi
  3. Mempunyai pengkhususan kerja

b)      Mengapakah kawasan lembah sungai menjadi petempatan kekal tamadun terawal manusia?(3m)

  1. Lembah sungai sebagai tamadun awal kerana kemudahan mendapat bekalan air.
  2. Mempunyai tanah subur yang sesuai untuk pertanian
  3. Sungai dijadikan sebagai kemudahan perhubungan

 c)      Nyatakan kewujudan tamadun awal di sungai-sungai berikut: (2m)

  1. Sungai Nil = Tamadun Mesir Purba
  2. Sungai Indus = Tamadun Indus

d)     Nyatakan satu contoh tulisan terawal yang dicipta oleh masyarakat awal.(1m)

Satu contoh tulisan terawal ialah Cuneiform.

e)      Pada pengetahuan sejarah anda, apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan agama politeisme?(1m)

Politeisme bermaksud kepercayaan kepada banyak tuhan

4. Tamadun Hwang Ho muncul kesan kesuburan tanah yang terdapat di sungai Hwang Ho.

a)      Berikan dua faktor mengapa Tamadun Hwang Ho bersifat setempat?(2m)

  1. Tamadun Hwang Ho bersifat setempat kerana bentuk muka bumi yang bergunung-ganang.
  2. Bentuk bumi yang berpadang pasir.

 b)      Senaraikan dua jenis tentera yang terdapat dalam tamadun ini.(2m)

  1. Tentera berkuda
  2. Tentera berjalan kaki

c)      Apakah tiga kepercayaan masyarakat Tamadun Hwang Ho?(3m)

  1. Animisme ( percaya kepada kuasa ghaib)
  2. Politeisme (percaya kepada banyak tuhan)
  3. Penyembahan roh nenek moyang

 d)     Berikan maksud konsep berikut : (2m)

  1. Konsep Yin dan Yang = Kejadian alam terdiri daripada dua unsur
    1. Feng Shui = Manusia boleh hidup harmoni dengan alam sekitar.

e)      Pada pendapat anda, bagaimanakah masyarakat tempatan mendapat idea untuk mencipta tulisan?(1)

Idea mencipta tulisan bermula daripada rekahan yang wujud pada tulang oracle.

 

SEJARAH Tingkatan 4 Bab 1 Kemunculan Tamadun Awal Manusia 2

Proses Pembentukan Tamadun

Tamadun Mesopotamia (7000-5000SM) wujud di antara Sungai Tigris dan Euphrates.

a)      Ciri-ciri Tamadun

  1. Negara Kota– kejaan berdaulat, mempunyai unit politik, agama, kubu pertahan, Bandar.
  2. Sistem Pemerintahan – pemerintahan berbentuk teokrasi.
  3. Pengkhususan kerja – golongan pedagang, petani, tentera
  4. Organisasi Sosial – golongan pemrintah, rakyat dan hamba.
  5. Tulisan – berbentuk gambar – pepaku (cuneiform)

b)      Sumbangan tamadun Mesopotamia

  1. Kod Undang-undang Hamurabi – berteraskan hak rakyat kepada keadilan.
  2. Tulisan –  Merekodkan pentadbiran dan kesusasteraan
  3. Ilmu astronomi dan perubatan – perkembangan matematik dan geometri.
  4. Alat pengangkutan – penciptaan kapal layar dan pengangkutan beroda.
  5. Membentuk empayar – membina empayar pertama.
  6. Penghasilan batu bata daripada tanah liat.

Tamadun Mesir (10000-5000SM) wujud di tepi Sungai Nil

a) Ciri-ciri Tamadun

  1. Sistem pemerintahan – Firaun sebagai raja
  2. Bandar – berperanan sebagai pusat pentadbiran, pelabuhan, pusat keagamaan dan tumpuan penduduk.
  3. Pengkhususan kerja – penenun kain, pembuat tembikar, tekstil dan kertas.
  4. Organisasi sosial – Firaun berkuasa mutlak, suci dan jelmaan tuhan
  5. Agama – kepercayaan politeisme
  6. Tulisan –  heirogrif (kombinasi gambar dan simbol bunyi)

c)      Sumbangan Tamadun Mesir

  1. Seni bina –  pembinaan piramid
  2. Pendidikan – pendidikan untuk golongan atasan (ilmu geometri, sains dan matematik)
  3. Kertas dan tulisan – ciptaan kertas dari pokok papyrus dan tulisan atas batu dan makam
  4. Kalendar –  mencipta calendar 365 hari dan 12 bulan dalam setahun
  5. Sungai Nil – mengawal banjir dengan kaedah algebra, geometri dan astronomi
  6. Perubatan – memumiakan mayat dan menjalankan pembedahan.

Tamadun Indus (2500-1800SM) wujud di Lembah Sungai Indus

a)      Ciri-ciri Tamadun

  1. Petempatan – petempatan kekal dan dua bandar terpenting Mohenjo Daro dan Harappa
  2. Pengkhususan Kerja– bidang perdagangan, pertanian, pertukangan
  3. Organisasi Sosial –  golongan atasan dan golongan bawahan
  4. Tulisan – berbentuk piktograf
  5. Agama – menyembah patung Proto Shiva dan percaya tuhan Ibu

b)      Sumbangan Tamadun Indus

  1. Bandar Terancang – membina Bandar mengikur susunan segiempat berasaskan geometri, kesenian dan matematik
  2. Sifat keterbukaan – mempunyai hubungan dengan tamadun Indus, Mesir dan Mesopotamia.

Tamadun Hwang Ho wujud di sekitar Sungai Hwang Ho atau Sungai Kuning.

a)      Ciri-ciri tamadun

  1. Dinasti – Wujud Dinasti Shang, Dinasti Hsia dan Dinasti Chou
  2. Negara Kota – kotaAnyang (pusat keagamaan, pentadbiran dan tempat tinggal)
  3. Pengkhususan kerja – petani, tentera, artisan, hamba
  4. Organisasi sosial – Golongan atasan dan golongan bawahan
  5. Agama dan kepercayaan – animisme dan politeisme ( tulang oracle untuk meramal sesuatu)
  6. Sistem Pemerintahan – sistem beraja
  7. Sistem tulisan – berbentuk ideogram (symbol)

b)      Sumbangan Tamadun Hwang Ho

  1. Politik –  pemerintahan monarki hingga zaman dinasti Ching
  2. Ekonomi – sistem pengairan untuk pertanian dan mengelak banjir,

–    kemajuan teknologi membajak

–     penciptaan sabit,

–    penggunaan batas pertanian

  1. Kepercayaan   – unsur pemujaan

–  konsep yin dan yeng serta feng shui

–  sumbangan falsafah Sun Tzu ( The Art of War)

Perdagangan Tingkatan 4 – Kajian Kes (Asas kepada Perdagangan)

Encik  Sham memiliki sebuah kilang pakaian di Tampoi, Johor Bahru. Beliau mempunyai 58 orang pekerja dalam proses pembuatan dan jahitan pakaian.

Untuk meluaskan pengeluaran, Encik Sham telah membeli sebidang tanah yang bersebelahan dengan kilangnya dengan harga RM350 000. Selanjutnya beliau telah membeli 5 buah mesin baru untuk mempercepatkan penghasilan pengeluaran.

Kini Encik Sham telah memulakan kedai menjual pakaian secara peruncitan bagi mengurangkan kos orang tengah. Beliau berazam untuk membuka sebuah kedai cawangan  di Kota Tinggi dengan melantik adik iparnya sebagai pengurus kedai

Berdasarkan kes tersebut, jawab soalan-soalan berikut.

a)      Senaraikan contoh faktor-faktor pengeluaran dalam kes di atas. (4m)

i)        Tanah

ii)      Modal

iii)    Usahawan

iv)    Pekerja

Contoh faktor-faktor pengeluaran :

i)      Tanah = Kilang pakaian

ii)      Modal = Mesin dan tanah bernilai RM350 000

iii)      Usahawan = Encik Sham

iv)      Pekerja = 58 orang

b)      Terangkan ciri-ciri usahawan. (10 m)

Ciri-ciri usahawan ialah:

  1. Berkebolehan untuk memulakan sesuatu dengan menggabungkan faktor pengeluaran. (1m)
  2. Berpandang jauh (1m)
  3. Peka terhadap kehendak masyarakat.(1m)
  4. Kreatif dalam mengeluarkan rekaan, ciptaan dan penemuan baru. (1m)Sebagai contoh komputer tanpa wayar.
  5. Berkebolehan untuk membaiki dan membaharui sesuatu (1m) seperti penggunaan cerek elektrik menggantikan cerek dapur .
  6. Berani menghadapi risiko (1m)
  7. Tidak mudah berputus asa menghadapi kegagalan.(1m)
  8. Cekap untuk mengurus faktor-faktor pengeluaran.(1m)
  9. Boleh mengawal , mentadbir dan mengurus system pemasaran dan pembuatan secara berkesan.(1m)
  10. Rajin, gigih dan tekun untuk menjayakan sesuatu. (1m)

c)      Apakah peranan usahawan dalam memenuhi keperluan dan kehendak pengguna.(10m)

Peranan usahawan dalam memenuhi keperluan dan kehendak   pengguna:

  1. Mewujudkan peluang pekerjaan  (1m) dengan menawarkan peluang  pekerjaan dalam berbagai aspek seperti pembuatan, pemasaran , peluang perniagaan dan pengurusan. (1m)
  2. Meningkatkan taraf hidup pengguna. (1m) Dengan membaiki mutu keluaran tanpa menaikkan harga.(1m) Menawarkan tingkat gaji serta kemudahan yang berpatutan.(1m)
  3. Memberi sumbangan kepada pembangunan dan ekonomi negara.(1m) Menghasilkan barangan pengganti untuk barangan import (1m) serta menghasilkan barangan yang boleh dieksport ke luar negara.(1m)
  4. Membuat pembaharuan serta ciptaan baru dalam teknologi (1m). Menghasilkan barangan yang mempunyai pelbagai pilihan (1m) serta menghasilkan barangan yang standing dengan barangan dari negara lain.(1m)

d)     Nyatakan fungsi utama usahawan dalam proses pengeluaran.(1m)

Fungsi usahawan dalam proses pengeluaran ialah menggabungkan faktor-faktor pengeluaran untuk mencipta nilai faedah kepada pengguna.(1m)

Perdagangan Tingkatan 4 – (Soalan Esei) Pengkhususan

1. a) Apakah itu pengkhususan dalam pengeluaran ? (6m)

Pengkhususan merujuk kepada penumpuan masa dan tenaga(1m) oleh seseorang individu (1m) dalam suatu pekerjaan (1m) mengikut kebolehannya (1m). Pengkhususan dalam pengeluaran boleh dibahagikan mengikut profession, proses kerja, kawasan dan negara(1m).Contoh pengkhususan mengikut profesion ialah doktor mengkhusus merawat pesakit(1m).

b) Terangkan kebaikan dan keburukan pengkhususan dalam pengeluaran? (10 m)

    Kebaikan pengkhususan dalam pengeluaran ialah :

  1. Pekerjaan akan menjadi lebih mahir dan cekap. (1m)
  2. Pekerja akan menjadi lebih produktif. (1m)
  3. Masa dan kos untuk melatih pekerja dapat dijimatkan. (1m)
  4. Kos alat dapat dijimatkan kerana hanya perlu disediakan untuk pekerja tertentu sahaja. (1m)
  5. Pengkhususan membolehkan penggunaan mesin untuk proses berulang. (1m)

       Keburukan pengkhususan pula ialah :

  1. Pekerja akan menjadi jemu melakukan pekerjaan yang berulang. (1m)
  2. Pekerja akan kehilangan daya cipta dan kerohanian dan menjejaskan mutu pengeluaran. (1m)
  3. Hasil keluaran mesin adalah seragam dan menghadkan pilihan pengguna. (1m)
  4. Risiko pengangguran akan berlaku kerana kemahiran pekerja tidak diperlukan dalam pengeluaran. (1m)
  5. Pekerja akan mempunyai sikap saling bergantungan mengakibatkan pengeluaran akan tergendala sekiranya berlaku kerosakan pada mesin dan kerugian besar dialami. (1m)

c) Huraikan faktor-faktor yang mewujudkan pelbagai jenis pengkhususan dalam  pengeluaran. (10m)

Faktor yang menyebabkan wujudnya pelbagai jenis pengkhususan dalam  pengeluaran ialah :

  1. Perbezaan individu dalam kebolehan, kemahiran dan minat (1m) menyebabkan wujudnya pelbagai profession seperti guru, doctor, akauntan, peguam dan lain-lain.(1m)
  2. Untuk memudahkan penghasilan produk melalui proses .(1m) Mesin digunakan untuk menghasilkan produk secara besar-besaran.(1m) Maka kos latihan dan masa dapat dijimatkan.(1m)
  3. Pengkhususan dilakukan mengikut kawasan bergantung kepada bentuk muka bumi, sumber alam dan saliran(1m). Sebagai contoh kawasan luar Kuala Trengganu mengkhusus dalam bidang petroleum. (1m)
  4. Pengkhususan antarabangsa melibatkan faktor iklim, tahap teknologi dan taraf pendidikan setiap penduduk yang berbeza-beza (1m).Terdapat negara yang menumpukan lebih kepada barang indutri kerana tahap teknoligi yang tinggi seperti Jepun.(1m) Terdapat juga negara yang mengkhusus dalam bidang pertanian atas faktor iklim dan bekalan buruh yang murah seperti Indonesia. (1m)
Ikut

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